To understand how Internet system works it is necessary to understand what IP addresses. Each IP address is a 32-bit number that is unique to identify a network and the host which is connected with it. An IP address may be divided into two parts that are the network segment. Which is referred to as the Internet System network section the host section, called the host.
Depending on the kind of network
Each 32-bit address is dealt with differently, depending on the kind of network that the address is associated with. There are three main kinds of Internet System network addresses classes: Class A and B, and Class C. For Class A, in the Class A network, the network is comprised of 8 bits. Then, the hosts are comprised of 24 bits. For the class B networks, are composed of 16 bits. For the Class C network, the includes 24 bits, while the hosted network is made up 8 bits.
There’s a simple method to determine what class the network is in. If the initial number of your IP address appears to be less than 128 The Web is classified as a Class A network. If it’s the first number, it’s classified as a Class C network. The numbers higher than 223 are utilized for various reasons. The lower the amount of needs more, the less networks are able to be submitted as well as the greater number of hosts that are found on the internet couch fabrics . A-grade is the most appropriate for larger systems, while an A grade is ideal for smaller networks.
create a sub net
In order to create a sub net the demarcation line that is on the IP address must be switched between the host. In order to provide additional bits and also remove bits belonging to a particular number. Referred to by the term sub net mask is employed to accomplish this.
Sub netting is a technique used to using Intranet-related software for Small-sized businesses. In the event that they grow beyond a certain amount and encounter difficulties. One problem concerns managing hosts’ IP addresses. It is vital to ensure that every computer on the network has the correct host address. And that hosts with obsolete addresses are removed from the network until the address is needed. It may be challenging to even for a company with multiple locations all over the world to have one person. Who is responsible for managing host addresses across every location and division within the organization.
Physical limitations of Internet System
Another issue is with the different physical limitations of networks. Diverse networks can form an intranet. A intranet may include sections using Ethernet and other networks, such as Token Ring networks and possibly other areas that employ various technologies to connect trolleys on the internet. There’s no way for an intranet router to connect the networks that aren’t compatible, and then forward data to the proper places.
Another set of issues have to do with the limitations of technology within Internet System works. There are restrictions on the distance cables are able to extend within the network in certain types of networks. This means that you can’t extend beyond a certain amount of cable without repeaters or routers. “Thick” Ethernet cables, for instance “thick” Ethernet cable, for instance, can be extended to 500 meters. The “thin” Ethernet cable can be extended only to 300 meters. Routers are able to connect the cables, allowing the Intranet Application to be built that goes beyond the limits of these distances. If this occurs the wire is considered a sub network on its own.